There hasn't been much news about Warp Drive Bio since their founding. And that founding was a bit of an unusual event all by itself, since the company was born with a Sanofi deal already in place (and an agreement for them to buy the company if targets were met). But now things seem to be happening. Greg Verdine, a founder, has announced that he's taking a three-year leave of absence from Harvard to become the company's CEO. They've also brought in some other big names, such as Julian Adams (Millennium/Infinity) to be on the board of directors.
The company has a very interesting research program: they're hoping to coax out cryptic natural products from bacteria and the like, molecules that aren't being found in regular screening efforts because the genes used in their biosynthetic pathways are rarely activated. Warp Drive's plan is to sequence heaps of prokaryotes, identify the biosynthesis genes, and activate them to produce rare and unusual natural products as drug candidates. (I'm reminded of this recent work on forcing fungi to produce odd products by messing with their epigenetic enzymes, although I'm not sure if that's what Warp Drive has in mind specifically). And the first part of that plan is what the company has been occupying itself with over the last few months:
“These are probably really just better molecules, and always were better,” he says. “The problems were that they took too long to discover and that one was often rediscovering the same things over and over again.”
Verdine explains the reason this happened is because many of the novel genes in the bacteria aren’t expressed, and remain “dark,” or turned off, and thus can’t be seen. By sequencing the microbes’ genetic material, however, Warp Drive can illuminate them, and find the roadmap needed to make a number of drugs.
“They’re there, hiding in plain sight,” Verdine says.
Over the past year and a half, Warp Drive has sequenced the entire genomes of more than 50,000 bacteria, most of which come from dirt. That library represents the largest collection of such data in existence, according to Verdine.
The entire genomes of 50,000 bacteria? I can well believe that this is the record. That is a lot of data, even considering that bacterial genomes don't run that large. My guess is that the rate-limiting step in all this is going to be a haystack problem. There are just so many things that one could potentially work on - how do you sort them out? Masses of funky natural product pathways (whose workings may not be transparent), producing masses of funky natural products, of unknown function: there's a lot to keep people busy here. But if there really is a dark-matter universe of natural products, it really could be worth exploring - the usual one certainly has been a good thing over the years, although (as noted above) it's been suffering from diminishing returns for a while.
But there's something else I wondered about when Warp Drive was founded: Verdine himself has been involved in founding several other companies, and there's another one going right here in Cambridge: Aileron Therapeutics, the flagship of the stapled-peptide business (an interesting and sometimes controversial field). How are they doing? They recently got their first compound through Phase I, after raising more money for that effort last year.
The thing is, I've heard from more than one person recently that all isn't well over there, that they're cutting back research. I don't know if that's the circle-the-wagons phase that many small companies go through when they're trying to take their first compound through the clinic, or a sign of something deeper. Anyone with knowledge, feel free to add it in the comments section. . .
Update: Prof. Verdine emails me to note that he's officially parted ways with Aileron since 2010, to avoid conflicts of interest with his other venture capital work. His lab has continued to investigate stapled peptides on their own, though.