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October 28, 2011
Merck, And What Used to Be Schering-Plough
The cutbacks at Merck seem to have been pretty severe, if the messages that I'm getting from former Schering-Plough people are any indication. A lot of longtime R&D people have been let go, which is no surprise when you see what's been happening over the last few years with Pfizer's acquisitions (just to pick the biggest example). Experience, past accomplishments, and ability are not very high at all on the list of factors being judged when it comes to this point.
It's worth asking just how well that whole Schering-Plough deal is going for Merck, though. Here's a thorough breakdown of all the pipelines at the time the deal was going through. You can see that some of the areas (women's health, respiratory) have worked out as planned, but some others (cardiovascular, hepatitis C) have definitely not. And (as that link makes clear) one of the big variables when the deal went through was how much money would be left from the J&J deal after arbitration. If you look at the company's earnings, it's a mixed bag. Singulair is the biggest on the list, but that one's going off patent next year. Remicade is bringing in some money, after the territories were split up, with Merck holding on to Europe, Russia, and Turkey. The only other product from the Schering-Plough deal on the top-selling list is Nasonex, and that just makes the cut.
I just have to wonder how different this press release would have been if the deal hadn't gone through at all. But sales figures aside, what we don't see is the huge disruption in research and early development, just as you don't see that in Pfizer's deals over the years. You don't notice the drugs that don't get discovered, the early projects that don't quite advance. Was it all really worth it?
Like all the other mergers, this one only makes sense if you factor in big cost reductions - that DataMonitor link above makes this clear. And Merck does indeed look as if they're cutting their expenses as planned, so perhaps these numbers will come out right on target, and earnings-per-share will follow along. But what happened to Ken Frazier's brave attempt to withdraw EPS guidance entirely and focus on rebuilding the company's R&D? Was that just window dressing, was it an honest effort to change things that has now been abandoned, or what?
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