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October 7, 2010
More on Garage Biotech
Nature has a good report and accompanying editorial on garage biotechnology, which I wrote about earlier this year.
. . .Would-be 'biohackers' around the world are setting up labs in their garages, closets and kitchens — from professional scientists keeping a side project at home to individuals who have never used a pipette before. They buy used lab equipment online, convert webcams into US$10 microscopes and incubate tubes of genetically engineered Escherichia coli in their armpits. (It's cheaper than shelling out $100 or more on a 37 °C incubator.) Some share protocols and ideas in open forums. Others prefer to keep their labs under wraps, concerned that authorities will take one look at the gear in their garages and label them as bioterrorists.
For now, most members of the do-it-yourself, or DIY, biology community are hobbyists, rigging up cheap equipment and tackling projects that — although not exactly pushing the boundaries of molecular biology — are creative proof of the hacker principle. . .
The article is correct when it says that a lot of what's been written about the subject is hype. But not all of it is. I continue to think that as equipment becomes cheaper and more capable, which is happening constantly, that more and more areas of research will move into the "garage-capable" category. Biology is suited to this sort of thing, because there are such huge swaths of it that aren't well understood, and there are always more experiments to be set up than anyone can run.
And it's encouraging to see that the FBI isn't coming down hard on these people, but rather trying to stay in touch with them and learn about the field. Considering where and how some of the largest tech companies in the US started out, I would not want to discourage curious and motivated people from exploring new technologies on their own - just the opposite. Scientific research is most definitely not a members-only club; anyone who thinks that they have an interesting idea should come on down. So while I do worry about the occasional maniac misanthrope, I think I'm willing to take the chance. And besides, the only way we're going to be able to deal with the lunatics is through better technology of our own.
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