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June 22, 2010
Mylotarg and the FDA
Someone completely outside the industry asked me the other day what I thought about the FDA. I replied that I had a lot of sympathy for them, actually. There's almost no way that they can avoid being yelled at by one group or another. You know - they're a bunch of foot-dragging nitpickers who are keeping effective medicines (things used in other industrialized countries, yet!) off the market here. Oh, hold it, it's Tuesday already - they're actually a bunch of incompetent industry shills who let all kinds of useless, toxic stuff through because they can't be bothered to do their jobs.
That's the sort of thing. If you want a good example of this, take a look at Mylotarg. Wyeth developed this oncology agent years ago for some forms of leukemia. It's a monoclonal antibody to CD33 (a cell-surface receptor found on leukocytes), conjugated to ozogamicin, a fairly aggressive chemotherapy agent. It was approved back in 2000 under "accelerated approval" rules, which are supposed to bring drugs for life-threatening conditions to market more quickly. The requirement is that companies continue to study such drugs after they're marketed, though.
Well, the studies have been completed on Mylotarg. It's not a very widely used drug, since it's only indicated for people 60 and older with particular forms of leukemia who aren't candidates for the more common therapies. But the numbers are in. . .and it turns out that people die more quickly while taking it than while taking the standard of care. Oh, dear. The drug has now been pulled from the market.
And there you have the FDA's dilemma: if they had sat on Mylotarg longer and required more studies, this probably wouldn't have happened. On the other hand, Wyeth might have decided to abandon it at that point - and not everything that gets accelerated approval is a Mylotarg. Some compounds that could actually help people could get lost that way. It's a real tightrope, and the rope is set up completely differently for every new drug. There's no way to get all these decisions right, but for life-threatening diseases, letting through more iffy compounds is still probably the right way to do it, I think.
Update: fixed all sorts of formatting and spelling issues, after taking a break from my real job to have a look (!)
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