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February 24, 2010
Steve Nissen's Meeting with GSK
Well, this is interesting. Back when Steve Nissen was about to publish his meta-analysis on the safety of Avandia (rosigiltazone), he met with several GlaxoSmithKline executives before the paper came out. At the time, GSK was waiting on data from the RECORD study, which was trying to address the same problem (unconvincingly, for most observers, in the end). Nissen had not, of course, shown his manuscript to anyone at GSK, and for their part, the execs had not seen the RECORD data, since it hadn't been worked up yet.
Well, not quite, perhaps on both counts. As it happens, a reviewer had (most inappropriately) faxed a copy of Nissen's paper-in-progress to the company. And GSK's chief medical officer managed to refer to the RECORD study in such a way that it sounds as if he knew how it was coming out. How do we know this? Because Nissen secretly taped the meeting - legal in Ohio, as long as one party knows the taping is going on. At no point does anyone from GSK give any hint that they knew exactly what was in Nissen's paper. Here's some of it:
Dr. Krall asked Dr. Nissen if his opinion of Avandia would change if the Record trial — a large study then under way to assess Avandia’s risks to the heart — showed little risk. Dr. Krall said he did not know the results of Record.
“Let’s suppose Record was done tomorrow and the hazard ratio was 1.12. What does...?” Dr. Krall said.
“I’d pull the drug,” Dr. Nissen answered quickly.
The interim results of Record were hastily published in The New England Journal of Medicine two months later and showed that patients given Avandia experienced 11 percent more heart problems than those given other treatments, for a hazard ratio of 1.11. But the trial was so poorly designed and conducted that investigators could not rule out the possibility that the differences between the groups were a result of chance.
Somehow, I don't think that many pharma executives are going to agree to meetings with Nissen in his office in Cleveland after this. But I certainly don't blame him for making the tape, either.
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