Here's my latest contender for an award in the highly competitive Desperate Press Releases category: Albany Molecular says that it has an anticancer compound. Well, it has one that's going to move into "advanced preclinical testing", and if everything goes perfectly, they'll try to submit an IND by the end of 2007. Which means that the first bit of Phase I testing, the toe-in-the-water look at blood levels, can be realistically expected no sooner than sometime in 2008.
The headline is "Albany Molecular to Test Cancer Compound", which the unwary might suppose means that they're going to test it against, well, human cancer. But who knows when that might happen, because I read the press release to mean that the compound hasn't even gone through real small-animal toxicity testing. Is that a long way from human cancer patients? Is Auckland a long way from Albany?
Now, I understand that AMRI hasn't been down this road too many times before. Looking at this chart, it appears that this project is the most advanced they have, and I don't recall them ever heading for the clinic before. That's because the company has been mainly an outsourcing venture, a place to get compounds and libraries made for you. With that business model under pressure, they've decided to give in to temptation and become a drug company.
It's not an easy living, and they're just getting started at it. The programs they have listed are all at the seedling stage, just barely edging into reality by the standards of people who've seen things crash in Phase III. There are probably plenty of people at AMRI who feel the same way, actually - I know that they have a number of scientists and managers who've worked at other drug companies over the years. They know the score, even if their PR department doesn't.
The compound being trumpeted today is said to be a tubulin inhibitor, which puts it in the same class as the taxanes. That's an interesting cancer target, and it's not always easy to get good chemical matter against it. Still, there have been a lot of compounds reported over the years, many of which have never been heard from again. Here's a recent review (PDF, which may be subscriber-only) on the compounds that are already in the clinic. It's a tough area, and not exactly an uncrowded one.
But really, good luck, guys. I hope the compound makes it through the mice, and the rats, and the dogs, and histopathology and formulation and GMP scale-up and all the rest of the whirlpools. Just try not to press-release the world every step of the way, OK?